Tag: music recording studio in pune.

It’s been easy at the studio!!

We are working on a new film and are recording new music, it’s shaping up really well and I’m quite excited about the final product coming your way.

Today’s post is the follow up to Part 1 , which describes how I go about the tracking process. We’ll be looking at editing, mixing and mastering. These 3 processes are basically post production. If you hear someone say “We’ll fix it in post (please hit them)”, they are basically saying they will use one (or all of the above) to make a performance that wasn’t quite up to the mark acceptable. Let’s dive in.


EDITING: Usually the place to start in post, editing deals with making corrections in the recording. Editing is basically ‘Cut, copy and paste (and delete)’. It can be used to fix or mangle performances depending on what kind of music you are making. As an example, let’s say we have 2 takes of a drum recording where the snare hits are a little ahead of the beat, the drum roll isn’t great on one of them. Using our basic cut and paste tools, we can take all the snare hits (look up strip silence and tab to transient) and push them behind in time to make them feel right. The drum roll at the end we can cut from one take and paste it on to the final one. This process is repeated for all the other elements in the song until everything sounds right. There are a variety of things you wouldn’t want on your recording, like a bad note, an out of time hit, an out of tune vocal or a friend who walks yapping just when you’ve finished a take you’re happy with. You would be surprised by how much editing happens to make a song feel right, that is if the performance isn’t good. If the performance is actually amazing you’ll find yourself just editing out the ends of the audio file to take out clicks and pops!! It can also be used to change the arrangement of a song. Say your song structure is Intro – Verse – Chorus – Verse – Chorus – Outro and the singer is about to record. You feel the 2nd chorus should be twice as long. You can copy and paste the elements of the chorus to make it longer. Mischief managed.


MIXING: This is what one of my mix sessions looks like in Pro-Tools.

Mix Window Pro Tools with all the tracks Laid Out

All the tracks that I have arranged and edited in pitch and time are now laid out, ready to be mixed together. This is the part where we go from what sounds like a collection of sounds to one cohesive sounding song. A lot of newbies expect mixing to be this magical process that fixes any and every mistake. This is a myth. Garbage in, garbage out, this never changes. Mixing is all about making the most space for the most important elements, and accommodating every other element of the song. It’s the process where every element of the song is balanced in amplitude(volume) and tonality to with respect to the others. In a mix, the engineer changes various parameters on every track. Let’s take a look:

• Volume – Pretty straightforward, the engineer sets the levels of the instruments relative to each other. For example if the vocal is the main element that drives the song, the mix engineer creates a balance where the vocals are the loudest with respect to the other tracks.

• Panning – It’s where the placement of the track is decided in the stereo spectrum. Tracks can be placed dead center, hard right, hard left and in between. Using panning creatively helps you create a sense of size of a song. For example, everything might be dead centre in the intro + first verse of the song. When the chorus hits, you open up the stereo spectrum by placing your guitars (or synths) and the listener will perceive it as the song having more energy and excitement than before.

• Timbre – Say you have a dull sounding voice that lacks ‘the brightness and sheen’ and is pulling the song back. You can use an equaliser to add some highs(I.e higher frequencies) to taste until it sounds right. An equaliser is mostly used to make sure all the instruments work together well tonally.

• Compression – IS THE MOST MISUSED TOOL EVER !!!!! Let’s say you have a singer who goes from very soft to very loud in the same line. You could bring up the volume up on one or down on one. But now this is happening in every line in the song. This is where compression comes in. You can use a compressor to ‘compress’ or reduce the dynamic range of the singer bringing forward the quiet bits and controlling the loud ones. There is a lot more that compression is used for in modern music, we’ll be looking at some of these tricks later.

• Reverb – Reverb helps create a sense of space in the mix. You can take all your instruments and change the perception of where the performance happened by tweaking the reverb settings. Your options will usually be halls, chambers, plates, small, medium and big sized rooms.

• FX – You can use effects such as distortion, delay, pitch shifting, auto-tune, chorus, flanger, phaser, tremolo to make the sounds interesting. There are many ways to use these effects, which cannot be listed here. A good place to start is by finding out what effects were used on your favourite songs, and applying the same ones to yours. Youtube is a great resource for this.

• Automation – Automation is the process of automating certain parameters of the above over the course of the mix. Say you want the reverb on the vocals to increase during the chorus, you set the parameters for the verse and chorus and automation will make this change automatically for you when you go from the verse to the chorus. Most parameters in almost every plugin can be automated, giving you endless possibilities for sonic manipulation. If you spend some time with this, you will find that you are only limited by your imagination.

MASTERING: The final stage of the production process. The mix is tweaked using analog/digital tools to make sure that it translates well across all types of real world listening systems ranging from the cheapest earphones to the most expensive sound systems. This is done by tweaking the same parameters as above, though there is a marked difference in how the tools are used. This is a fairly complex process, and takes a fair degree of expertise to carry out. However, we will have a more in depth look at this process in the future. We’ve taken a look at the 3 core processes of post production and I’m hoping this has been helpful to you. Yes it is a lot of work, but with the right kind of engineer and team it does get easier. As I always say, do what you do best, Outsource the rest.


We usually see a very high volume of people who come to the studio to record their vocals, but often enough, what seems like an easy/ fun job usually end up becoming a daunting task. This blog is written with the intention that clients know what preparation is required before they step into the recording studio and it becomes considerably easier for them to record their vocals. Gray Spark is one of the best song recording studio in Pune with diverse range of solutions and services for all your recording requirements.

  • Know your Vocal Range:

Yes, everybody wants to be able to sing like ‘Adele’ but not everyone has a vocal range like her. Knowing how high or low you can sing and what key is ideal for your voice is always a good idea. Knowing this information, you can inform your recording engineer about this and ensure that you don’t end up stressing your voice, in turn getting a better recording of your voice

  • Dynamics:

This is singlehandedly one of the things that sets apart the amateurs from the professionals. Recording inside the studio is like looking at your voice through a magnifying glass. Every small detail and artifact gets enhanced, unlike singing in the bathroom where it’s mostly just the reverb. Among the things that get amplified, the one thing that people miss out on most is Dynamics.  Dynamics essentially is the control you have on your voice in terms of volume and expression.  Imagine this, the microphone is like an ear that captures your voice, when placed in front of a voice that has a very big dynamic range i.e. can be too soft and loud, your ear will find this sound unappealing. But on the other hand, a trained voice will know how loud certain parts of the song should be, how loud or soft certain words should be so that they bring out the most emotion.  A good way is to look for the dynamics in the song you want to do and practice them over.

  • Pitch:

This one goes without saying, if you can’t sing in pitch it’s going to sound bad. Yes, there is always auto tune, but there is only so much even a computer can do. If you’re out of pitch and use a tuning plugin, it most definitely ends up sounding robotic. Usually, it takes time to be able to hear pitch and if you’re going sharp or flat. There is a very simple exercise to amend this; it’s called a ‘Tanpura’. Tanpura is an instrument with a drone like element that plays different notes from the scale that you choose. The idea is to pick out a note form the Tanpura and keep singing it so that your vocal chords get used to the note.

  • Expression:

This one is also equally important and usually left out. This is what defines your voice from any other voices out there. The expression of your voice is what gives your vocals a certain ‘goosebumps’ like character. It takes time to find your expression, but once you know which direction you want it to head in then it’s just a matter of practice.

If you need any further assistance with vocal recording, you can subscribe to our newsletter by dropping us your contact details at contact us@gray-spark.com and we can keep you posted about workshops that we conduct at our music recording studio in Pune.

– Plan your recording with your Engineer / Producer:

When it comes to making a record, there are numerous approaches that can be taken to execute it, depending on if you want to record in a setup with the entire band or just produce a few ideas that you have in your head and record elements separate so that you have most control on the individual sounds. Communicating with your engineer makes sure that you can approach the process that is best suited to your song, making the whole recording process efficient.

Usually, most big studios have a huge mic locker so knowing the specifics of the recording also helps the engineer and producers choose the microphone and in turn the sound that they’re looking for. Also, planning your recording makes sure that you have dedicated time to record specific parts. Most recording studio in Pune usually bill by the hour, so managing your time is also easy on your wallet.

-Rehearse, Rehearse, Rehearse:

This one cant be emphasized more. Time in the studio is money, so if you’re under prepared the engineer/producer will keep asking you to do a better take until he gets what he wants.

Also, if you’re well prepared this gives the engineer and producer time to work on the more minute details than just fixing the performance and needless to say a well performed take will make your record considerably better. Our state of the art audio recording studio in Pune gives you a working environment that is calm and relaxed, allowing you to better concentration.

– Gear Up:

This one is equally important as the one above, making sure that your equipment is ready for the studio. You cannot get the sound you’re looking for if your equipment itself is not up to par. Things that you should prep before you come to the studio include:
a. Restringing your guitars (Preferably a day before your recording so that they have time to settle in)
b. Changing your skins ( Again, a day or two for the skins to settle in)
c. Vocals Warmups
d. Intonation

Make sure all the above mentioned things are taken care before you enter the studio, you don’t want to come in and spend 3 hrs trying to fix your guitars intonation. Working with the leading Music Recording Studio in Pune, we ensure that your sound mixing and recording experience goes smoothly and efficiently.

– BYOR (Bring Your Own References):

When it comes to the world of sound, lately, the terms to describe sound have become very subjective. Refrain from using words like warm, shiny, shimmery etc.
Instead bring a reference with the kind of sound you have in mind, make sure that the engineer understands what you’re going for in case you don’t have a producer working with you. This ensures that you’re both on the same page and the recording process doesn’t get hampered, cause like i said before a bad sound on the way in will sound bad no matter what you do to it in post production.

This way your definition of “Warm” is same with the engineers definition of “Warm”

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